Secondary Student Code of Conduct
All of the information contained in this Code of Conduct are aligned to and based on the policies adopted by the Holt School Board.
One of the goals for Holt Public Schools is to develop a culture of respect, empathy, and understanding. We believe students learn best when we focus on building nurturing relationships, and a solid partnership between home and school. The responsibility of developing and maintaining a safe and productive teaching and learning environment is the obligation of each member of the school community, including the students, staff, parents, and community members.
The policies and procedures that follow emphasize collaborative problem solving and offer opportunities for students and adults to develop lasting skills to manage anger and conflict, as well as pursue academic growth and pathways to college and/or career. Holt Public is committed to using a variety of pro-active and student-focused strategies to promote a positive school climate based on:
- Integration of social and emotional learning and other evidence-based pro-social development practices into the school culture, supporting and sustaining them as vital elements of the school operations.
- Collecting and effectively utilize data—including discipline and academic performance records, truancy data, student and stakeholder surveys, and other relevant measurements—for ongoing formative evaluation of disciplinary processes and their effectiveness.
- Using discretion afforded under zero tolerance laws and other regulations to reserve suspension and expulsion for only the most serious offenses such as those infractions required by law and deemed absolutely necessary.
- Implementation of evidence-based strategies for social and emotional learning such as Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and restorative practices.
Every school district is required by law to adopt a code, as set forth specifically in Board Policy 5500. It states,
“Respect for law and for those persons in authority shall be expected of all students. This includes conformity to school rules as well as general provisions of law regarding minors. Respect for the rights of others, consideration of their privileges, and cooperative citizenship shall also be expected of all members of the school community.
Respect for real and personal property; pride in one's work; achievement within the range of one's ability; and exemplary personal standards of courtesy, decency, and honesty should be maintained in the schools of this District. The Superintendent shall establish procedures to carry out Board policy and philosophy, and shall hold all school personnel, students, and parents responsible for the conduct of students in schools, on school vehicles, and at school-related events.
Student conduct shall be governed by the rules and provisions of the Student Code of Conduct. This Code of Conduct shall be reviewed periodically.”
(M.C.L. 380.1311, 380.1312)
The information in the following pages explains the code of conduct of acceptable student behaviors and subsequent discipline policies and procedures of Holt Public Schools that will be used to ensure fair and equitable treatment for all members of our student population.
When and Where the Code of Student Conduct Applies
The Code of Student Conduct applies before, during, and after school and whenever the student is engaged in a school-related activity. Each student is expected to follow this code of conduct:
- “At school,” meaning in a classroom, elsewhere on school premises, on a school bus or other school-related vehicle, to or from school, or at a school-sponsored activity or event, whether or not it is held on school premises.
- When a student’s conduct at any other time or place has a direct and immediate effect on maintaining order and discipline in school, or on protecting the safety and welfare of students or school district staff.
- When a student is using school telecommunications networks, accounts, or other district services.
Off Campus Events
Students at school-sponsored, off-campus events and activities shall be governed by District rules and regulations and are subject to the authority of Schools Officials. Any conduct that adversely affects the school climate and has a direct and immediate adverse effect on the discipline or general welfare of the school, and/or its students is prohibited, on as well as off- school property. Failure to obey the rules and regulations or failure to obey the lawful instructions of School Officials shall result in loss of eligibility to attend school-sponsored, off-campus events or activities and may result in suspension and/or other disciplinary measures as outlined in the Student Code of Conduct. (See Board policy 5850)
Rights and Responsibilities in the School Community
Holt Public Schools is dedicated to creating and maintaining a positive learning environment for all students. All members of our learning community—including students, educators (teachers, administrators, and support personnel), and parents must assume a responsible role in promoting behavior that enhances academic and social success. Courteous, respectful, and responsible behavior fosters a positive climate for the learning community.
Those responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following.
Students (persons enrolled in grades K-12) have the responsibility to:
- Take responsibility for your learning and recognize that it is a process.
- Attend school regularly, arrive on time, and be prepared to learn.
- Respect yourself and others in class, on school grounds, on buses, and at any school- related activity.
- Respect the rights and feelings of fellow students, parents, educators (including teachers, secretaries, custodians, aides, paraprofessionals, and other school personnel), visitors, and guests.
- Work within the existing structure of the school to address concerns.
- Know and comply with school district rules and policies.
- Participate in your learning communities, including helping formulate rules and procedures in the school, engaging in school-related activities, and fostering a culture of respect for learning and for others.
Parents have the responsibility to:
- Take responsibility for your child’s development as learners by, as much as possible, providing a home environment suited for learning and developing good study habits.
- See that your child attends school regularly and on time.
- Provide for your child’s general health and welfare as much as possible.
- Teach and model respect for yourself, your child, and all members of the school community.
- Support the school’s efforts to provide a safe and orderly learning environment.
- Know and support the school and district rules and policies and work within the existing structure of the school to address concerns.
- Advocate for your child and take an active role in the school community.
Educators have the responsibility to:
- Take responsibility for students’ development as learners, including their academic success and positive social-emotional development, recognizing that children should be subject to behavior management and discipline policies appropriate to their ages and levels of understanding.
- Model and provide a mutually respectful and accountable atmosphere for learning that includes all members of the school community.
- Cooperate and schedule conferences with students, parents, and other school personnel in an effort to understand and resolve academic and behavioral problems.
- Keep parents informed of their students’ challenges, effort, and success.
- Encourage students to participate in classroom, extracurricular, and other school-related activities.
- Know and enforce the rules and policies consistently, fairly, and equitably.
- Participate in formulating rules and procedures and other learning and developmental opportunities in the school.
The Code of Student Conduct sets forth student rights and responsibilities while at school and school-related activities, and the consequences for violating school rules. It defines behaviors that undermine the safety and learning opportunities for all members of the school community and favors actions that encourage positive behavior and learning over actions designed to punish. When determining the consequences of student misconduct, school officials may use intervention strategies and/or disciplinary actions. Recognizing the importance of keeping students in school learning as much as possible, educators will consider the severity or repetition of misconduct, age and grade level of the student, circumstances surrounding the misconduct, impact of the student’s misconduct on others in the school community, and any other relevant factors in determining how they will address misconduct.
The Code of Student Conduct will be administered fairly, without partiality or discrimination. The Code of Student Conduct does not diminish any rights under federal law (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.) of a student determined to be eligible for special education programs and services. Students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) are responsible for following The Code of Student Conduct. As a consequence of a violation of The Code of Student Conduct by a student with an IEP, specific procedures may apply. Specific discipline procedures related to Students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) can be found in the Holt Public Schools Board Policy (5605).
Violations and Response Protocol
Rights relate to individual responsibilities and must be seen in relationship to the safety, health, and welfare of all members of the school community. Expectations of student conduct should be kept within the bounds of reasonable behavior expected of all members of the community.
Students should have freedom and encouragement to express their individuality in school, as long as their conduct does not intrude upon the freedom or safety of others. This applies especially to the freedom of fellow students to receive instruction. There must be a balance between individual freedom and the orderly operation of a classroom.
All students must recognize the consequences of their language, manners, and actions toward each other, school staff, and volunteers. Students need to understand that they benefit from an orderly school operation and, as members of the school community, acknowledge their responsibility to promote a mutually respectful learning environment and support the reduction of any disruption to learning. The following charts list actions that can cause disruptions and, therefore, require some action to address the harm they cause. Whenever possible, the action to address this misconduct should include steps to heal the harm and restore the community members affected.
The disciplinary actions contained in this booklet apply to all students, including special education students. However, due to the unique needs of special education students and federal and state laws, the procedures determining the appropriate disciplinary action will vary somewhat from regular education when a special education student is involved. See the section on Special Education Suspension and Expulsion (Board Policy 5605).
The infractions and definitions have been taken from the Michigan Department of Education, Model Code of Conduct, 2014, and represent general infractions of the Student Code of Conduct. If a specific consequence is not stated for a violation of a particular rule, then reasonable disciplinary actions may be taken at the discretion of the administration. Actions may range from a verbal warning to a recommendation for expulsion depending on the nature and severity of the offense, the prior behavior records for the student, the recommendation of school personnel and other relevant circumstances.
Legal mandates and community safety may require removal of individuals who possess weapons, commit arson, or engage in criminal sexual conduct (Gun Free Schools Act, 1994; Michigan Compiled Laws under MCL 380.1311), make bomb threats or engage in verbal assault (MCL 380.1311a), and who commit physical assault against another (380.1310, 380.1311, 380.1311a, 380.1312. The district will employ discipline measures and early intervention/diversion strategies with a focus on screening and treatment to minimize suspended students’ time away from school and potential court involvement.
Level I and Level II General Misconduct Violations
Level 1 misconduct violations harm the learning environment and are generally handled to closure by the teacher and/or staff, using in-school interventions. Behavioral health professionals and/or restorative process providers may be utilized. This list is not all inclusive. Any behavior that disrupts the learning environment will be responded to. Level II misconduct violations cause more serious harm to the learning environment and are generally referred to administration or a school support system such as behavioral health professionals or restorative process provider. This list is not all inclusive. Any behavior that disrupts the learning environment will be responded to.
General Misconduct Violations
Bullying (Board Policy 5517.01) (Level 2 Consequences)
A student will not engage in bullying any student for any reason in a classroom, elsewhere on school premises, on a school bus or other school-related vehicle, or at a school-sponsored activity or event whether or not it is held on school premises. "At school" includes conduct using a telecommunications access device or telecommunications service provider that occurs off school premises if the telecommunications access device or the telecommunications service provider is owned by or under the control of the school district or public school academy. "Telecommunications access device" and "telecommunications service provider" mean those terms as defined in section 219a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.219a.
"Bullying" means any written, verbal, or physical act, or any electronic communication that is intended or that a reasonable person would know is likely to harm one or more pupils either directly or indirectly by doing any of the following:
- Causing substantial disruption in, or substantial interference with, the orderly operation of the school
- Substantially interfering with educational opportunities, benefits, or programs of one (1) or more pupils
- Adversely affecting the ability of a pupil to participate in or benefit from the school district's or public school's educational programs or activities by placing the pupil in reasonable fear of physical harm or by causing substantial emotional distress.
- Having an actual and substantial detrimental effect on a pupil's physical or mental health
A student will not plagiarize, cheat, gain unauthorized access to, or tamper with educational materials.
Defacement of Property (Board Policy 5513)
A student will not willfully cause defacement of, or damage to, property of the school or others. Actions such as writing in school textbooks or library books, writing on desks or walls, carving into woodwork, desks, or tables, and spray-painting surfaces are acts of defacement.
Destruction of Property (Board Policy 5513)
A student will not intentionally cause destruction of property of the school or others. Actions that impair the use of something are destructive. Ruining bulletin boards, intentionally clogging the plumbing system, breaking light bulbs or fixtures, and damaging school equipment to the point where repair is necessary are acts of property destruction.
Disruption to the Education Process (Board Policy 5520)
A student will not harass others or misbehave in a manner that causes disruption or obstruction to the educational process.
Disruption caused by talking, making noises, throwing objects, or otherwise distracting another constitutes disorderly conduct. Behavior is considered disorderly if a teacher is prevented from starting an activity or lesson, or has to stop instruction to address the disruption.
Failure to Serve Study Hall/Detention
A student will not fail to serve an assigned detention of which students and/or parents/guardians have been notified.
A student will not use another person’s identification or give false identification to any school official with intent to deceive school personnel or falsely obtain money or property. A student will not, with malicious intent, deceive a member of our school community.
Fighting (Board Policy 5600, 5517)
A student will not physically fight with another person. Self- defense or defense of others may be taken into account in determining whether this provision has been violated and the ensuing consequences.
Forgery (Board Policy 5500, 5600)
A student will not sign the name of another person for the purpose of defrauding school personnel or the Board of Education.
Fraud or Bribery
A student will not deceive another or cause another to be deceived by false or misleading information in order to obtain anything of value.
A student will not engage in any game of chance or contest wherein money or other items of monetary value are awarded to the winner, except for those games and contests authorized as official school functions.
Gang Activity (Board Policy 5840)
A student will not, by use of violence, force, coercion, threat of violence, or gang activity, cause disruption or obstruction to the educational process. Gangs are defined as organized groups of students and/or adults who engage in activities that threaten the safety of the general populace, compromise the general community order, and/or interfere with the school district’s education mission.
Gang activity includes any one of the following:
- Using any word, phrase, written symbol, or gesture that intentionally identifies a student as a member of a gang, or otherwise symbolizes support of a gang
- Recruiting students for gangs
- Wearing or displaying any clothing, jewelry, colors, or insignia that intentionally identifies the student as a member of a gang, or otherwise symbolizes support of a gang.
- Gathering of two or more persons for purposes of engaging in activities or discussions promoting gangs
Harassment (Board Policy 5517)
“Harassment” means any gesture or written, verbal, or physical act that a reasonable person, under the circumstances, should know will have the effect of harming a student or damaging the student’s property, placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student’s person or damage to the student’s property, or that has the effect of insulting or demeaning any student or group of students in such a way as to disrupt or interfere with the school’s educational mission or the education of any student, regardless of dissemination. Harassment includes, but is not limited to, a gesture or written, verbal, or physical act.
Hazing (Board Policy 5516)
The act of hazing is a crime in Michigan and will not be tolerated in the district. A student will not engage in or participate in any behavior that is included in the definition of hazing. The term "hazing" means "an intentional, knowing, or reckless act by a person acting alone or acting with others that is directed against an individual and that the person knew or should have known endangers the physical health or safety of the individual, and that is done for the purpose of pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, participating in, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization." The term “hazing” does not include activity that is normal and customary in an athletic, physical education, military training, or similar program sanctioned by the school district. Further, the term “organization” means "a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, cooperative, club, service group, social group, athletic team, or similar group whose members are primarily students at an educational institution." [MCL 750.411t].
Improper, Negligent, or Reckless Operation of a Motor Vehicle (Board Policy 5514, 5515)
A student will not intentionally or recklessly operate a motor vehicle so as to endanger the safety, health, or welfare of others on school property. A student will not negligently operate a motor vehicle on school property, so as to endanger the property, safety, health, or welfare of others.
Sexual Misconduct (Board Policy 5600)
Students will not engage in inappropriate displays of affection.
Dress Code Violation (Board Policy 5511) Holt Junior High School wants to ensure that we’re respecting the cultural and self-identity aspects of clothing while also ensuring we reduce barriers to building community and connecting with one another. Holt Public Schools’ Board Policy states that “Students should have freedom and encouragement to express their individuality in school, as long as their conduct does not intrude upon the freedom or safety of others. This applies especially to the freedom of fellow students to receive instruction. There must be a balance between individual freedom and the orderly operation of a classroom.” Clothing at Holt Junior High School (all Holt Public schools) should be functional for school. Our district’s Board Policy says, “A student will not dress or groom in a manner that disrupts the educational process or is detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of others. Clothing must not contain obscenities, inappropriate language, and not be related to drugs, tobacco, alcohol, or violence. Clothing must not distract from the educational process. Following with our Board Policy, in an effort to establish and maintain a safe learning environment, students are also asked to keep:
Hoods Down Students can have a hooded sweatshirt, but we want to connect with our students by way of being able to see their face, and part of ensuring safety in our building is being able to visibly see our students' faces. When students are covered by their hoods we’re unable to identify them. Students are able to hide headphones which disrupts and or distracts students from the educational process.
Sunglasses up/off. Students can wear their sunglasses into the building, but when a student’s eyes are covered we’re unable to see if they’re “okay.”
Backpacks Students should come to school prepared (keeping personal items at home that could interfere with the educational process…that would intrude upon the freedom and safety of another student…ability to receive instruction, and the ability to orderly operate in a classroom).
Electronic Devices (Board Policy 5136) OFF & AWAY The best way to get in touch with your student during the school day is by calling the school office at (517)-694-7117. For the purpose of these guidelines, “device” includes cell phones or other personal devices (smart watches) that are being used for reasons other than educational purposes during school hours. All students must adhere to the following guidelines:
Before (7:00-7:30) and after school (2:35), students are allowed to use personal communication devices. Students must put devices “OFF & AWAY” after the second bell (7:30) of the day and keep their devices “OFF & AWAY” until the last bell (2:35) of the day. Off and Away means that devices must be turned off (silent and not vibrating) and stored in students’ hallway locker or kept out of sight during instructional time (class time), passing time, and lunch time. Why the “OFF & AWAY” policy? We understand the need to be in communication and to stay connected with our friends and family. However, during the day our focus needs to be on learning. Turning off and being away from our devices during the school day allows us to better focus on why we’re in school, which is to learn. This allows for not only an increase in learning, but also helps create a better social climate. In addition, this practice supports student mental health/wellness, as outside distractions and or possible disruptions are kept outside of the school day.
What happens when devices aren’t “OFF & AWAY”? When our devices aren’t “OFF & AWAY'' they're a distraction to the learning environment. This is also a violation of our Holt Junior High School’s “OFF & AWAY” policy. Electronic devices (phones or smart watches that are being used in replacement of a phone) can and will be confiscated by a teacher, a member of our Safety Team, or one of our building principals. When a student is requested by a staff member to turn over an electronic device, they must comply. Failure to do so may result in consequences including but not limited to suspension from school. Electronic devices capable of taking photographs or video may not be used for such purposes during the school day and/or at school related activities without the expressed permission of a staff member. This is Board policy. Headphones (AirPods, wireless headphones, over the ear headphones, etc.) may not be used (unless a teacher requires their use for an assignment) and must be out of sight during the instructional school day, including passing and lunch time. However, students may use headphones before (7:00-7:30) and after (2:35) school. Again, as a reminder, students violating this policy may be subject to disciplinary action including but not limited to confiscation of the electronic device, detention, suspension and/or expulsion. The following steps will be followed:
First “OFF & AWAY” Offense: The device will be collected by a staff member. The Safety Team will be contacted (ext. 7950) and will deliver the device to the Safety Team office. The student will sign out the device and pick it up at the end of the school day (by 3pm). Cell Phone violation needs to be logged into PowerSchool.
Second “OFF & AWAY” Offense: The device will be collected by a staff member. The Safety Team will be contacted (ext. 7950) and will deliver the device to the Safety Team office. The student may pick up the device at the end of the school day (by 3pm). Cell Phone violation needs to be logged into PowerSchool. A lunch detention or after-school reflection (parents/guardians have to be contacted in order to do so) is assigned by administration/security.
Third Offense: The device will be collected by a staff member. The Safety Team will be contacted (ext. 7950) and will deliver the device to the Safety Team office. A parent/guardian will be notified by administration/security that they will need to pick up the device at the end of the school day. Cell Phone violation needs to be logged into PowerSchool. A lunch detention or after-school reflection (parents/guardians have to be contacted in order to do so) is assigned by administration/security. A meeting will need to take place with a parent/guardian, in which the device will be returned. A phone contract will be written, which will require the student to either turn the phone into the Safety Team office everyday, or keep the phone at home for the remainder of the semester. Two lunch detentions or an after-school reflection (parents/guardians have to be contacted in order to do so) is assigned by administration/security. Continued violations will result in out of school suspension(s) assigned by administration.
Fourth Offense:The device will be collected by a staff member. The Safety Team will be contacted (ext. 7950) and will deliver the device to the Safety Team office. A parent/guardian will be notified by administration/security that they will need to pick up the device at the end of the school day. Cell Phone violation needs to be logged into PowerSchool A meeting will need to take place with a parent/guardian, in which the device will be returned. Possible consequences will follow.
The District reserves the right to collect and examine any device suspected of being the source of attack/virus. The District also reserves the right to collect and examine any device suspected of containing evidence regarding bullying/harassment, illegal activity, or any other school violation. Students may not use a device in any way that might reasonably create in the mind of another person an impression of being threatened, humiliated, harassed, embarrassed or intimidated. Students are prohibited from using devices to transmit material that is threatening, obscene, disruptive, or sexually explicit, or that can be construed as harassment or disparagement of others based upon race, color, appearance, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, or political beliefs. All students possessing electronic devices assume full responsibility and risk for lost, damaged, or stolen equipment. When a student is requested by a staff member to turn over an electronic device, they must comply. Failure to do so may result in consequences including but not limited to suspension from school for insubordination.
Authority Defiance (Board Policy 5500, 5600) A student will not ignore or refuse to comply with respectful directions or instructions given by school authorities. Refusing to open a book, write an assignment, work with another student, work in a group, take a test or do any other class or school- related activity not listed herein, refusing to leave a hallway or any other location when instructed by a school staff member, or running away from school staff when told to stop constitutes unruly conduct.
Leaving School Grounds
A student will not leave the school building, classroom, cafeteria, assigned area, or campus without permission from authorized school personnel
A student will not remain or linger on school property without a legitimate purpose and/or without proper authority.
A student will not possess, view, distribute, or discuss pornographic or obscene material.
Profanity/Obscenity (Board Policy 5500)
A student will not verbally, in writing, electronically, or with photographs or drawings direct profanity or insulting, obscene gestures toward any student, staff, or school volunteer, or contract worker.
Inappropriate language (Board Policy 5500)
A student will not verbally, in writing, electronically, or with photographs or drawings direct inappropriate and distracting language or gestures toward any student, staff, or school volunteer, or contract worker.
Sexual Harassment (Board Policy 5517)
Students may not make unwelcome sexual propositions, invitations, solicitations, flirtations, unwanted physical and/or sexual contact, gestures, or threats or insinuations regarding sexual advances. This includes verbal or written expressions of a sexual nature, about themselves or other students. Students may not possess sexually suggestive objects, pictures, videotapes, audio recordings or literature.
Vaping/Non-drugs or Tobacco Use (Board Policy 5512)
A student will not smoke or use an e-cigarette (vape), use tobacco or alternative cigarette options, or possess any substance containing tobacco or nicotine in any area under the control of a school district, including all activities or events supervised by the school district.
Tardies (Board Policy 5200)
A student will not fail to be in his or her place of instruction at the assigned time without a valid excuse. Please connect with the building for details on the building details.
Computer Violation (Board Policy 7540)
A student will not violate the district’s “Technology Use Guidelines.”
Larceny/Theft (Board Policy 5500, 5600)
A student will not, without permission of the owner or custodian of the property, take property or have in his or her possession property valued at $100.00 or less which does not belong to the student.
Intimidation/Personal Threat (Board Policy 5517)
A student will not threaten another with bodily harm. A student will not coerce another to act or refrain from acting.
Trespassing (Board Policy 9150)
A student will not enter upon the premises of the school district, other than the location to which the student is assigned, without authorization from proper school authorities. If removed, suspended, or expelled from school, a student will not return to the school premises without permission of the proper school authorities.
Truancy (Board Policy 5200)
A student will not willfully and repeatedly fail to report to the school’s assigned class or activity without prior permission, knowledge, or excuse by the school and parent/guardian.
Weapon Look-A-Like (Board Policy 5772)
A student shall not possess, use, sell, or distribute a toy weapon, a look-a-like or replica weapon except with the prior approval of a teacher or an administrator for appropriate educational use.
LEVEL I DISCIPLINARY ACTION:
Level I Misconduct Violations are addressed immediately in the classroom, hall, lunchroom, playground and other school areas by attending staff. Parent / guardian contact shall be made aware of the violation at the discretion of the teacher or staff. The teacher or staff will document the violation and response in PowerSchool. Examples of possible responses follow. In-school interventions should be used.
LEVEL II DISCIPLINARY ACTION:
Level II Misconduct Violations may require a referral to the building administrator or designated school personnel. A referral may also be made to a school support system such as behavioral health professionals or restorative process provider. Violations will be monitored for increasing intensity and are cumulative in nature. Progressive steps will be used when addressing cumulative events. *Any time a student is sent to the office, the Emergency Removal or Teacher-Initiated Suspension process is put into place.
- Teacher or staff completes Student Discipline Referral (SDR) and may communicate home as appropriate.
- If a student is asked to leave the classroom as a result of the behavior, an intentional conversation is had prior to re-entry between the teacher/staff member and student, as well as an administrator when needed.
- Appropriate in-school interventions will be utilized. Any expectation that a student will serve a consequence outside of the school day will be communicated with parents/guardians.
- Teacher or staff will document the consequence/follow through at teacher/staff member discretion. All Level IIs must be documented and processed accordingly.
- Teacher or staff completes a Behavior Log and may communicate home as appropriate.
- If a student is asked to leave the classroom as a result of the behavior, an intentional conversation is had prior to re-entry between the teacher/staff member and student, as well as an administrator when needed.
- Appropriate in-school interventions will be utilized. If the student is assigned a consequence outside of the school day, it will be communicated with parents/guardians by administration or teacher/staff member.4. Teacher or staff will document the consequence/follow through.
- Principal will contact Parent/Guardian.
- Teacher or staff completes Student Discipline Referral (SDR) and should communicate home as appropriate.
- If a student is asked to leave the classroom as a result of the behavior, an intentional conversation is had prior to re-entry between the teacher/staff member and student, as well as an administrator when needed. A plan may be developed with the teacher, and may include the student’s other teachers, and may be applicable/transferable to all classes.
- Teacher-Student-Parent/Guardian-Administrator conference is mandatory and scheduled immediately. If a plan has been developed, it will be shared with parents. The Parent/Guardian is informed of Fourth Violation consequences should violations continue to occur. Parent(s)/Guardian(s) who do not attend the conference shall be notified, in writing, of potential Fourth Violation consequences.
- Teacher/staff member notifies principal of the situation.
- Principal reviews seven considerations prior to suspension. Documentation is completed.
- Principal contacts Parent/Guardian (phone call or home-call/visit) regarding suspension before the suspension is implemented.
- Out-of-school/program Suspension is implemented.
- Length of suspension generally not to exceed three (3) school days but is at the discretion of the Principal. Severe circumstances may warrant suspension for a longer period of time but is not to exceed ten (10) school days. A student suspended from school is not allowed to attend school or any school-related activity for the period of the suspension. The student shall be assigned homework during the period of suspension for completion and submission to the classroom teacher on the day of readmission.
- A response team (counselor, teacher, MTSS coordinator, administrator, etc.) will meet while the student is out for the purpose of developing appropriate interventions and plans to help resolve a behavioral problem. The team may assist in planning for the student's return and future success at school after serving a suspension. A referral may also be made to community-based agencies for additional intervention and/or assistance.
- Student-Principal (and teacher and parent/guardian as appropriate) conference is required with each out-of- school suspension, where information gathered is used to develop a plan with the student.
POSSIBLE LEVEL I AND LEVEL II INTERVENTIONS
In response to disciplinary violations or conflict, staff shall use a continuum of strategies that are restorative rather than punitive. Schools shall use restorative and other positive responses except for the most serious and dangerous offenses when exclusion from school is absolutely necessary to protect the safety of the school community.
A continuum of strategies includes, but is not limited to the following:
- Affective Statements – One-on-one informal conversations that are held as an immediate response or follow up to an action that has somehow caused harm to help the student correct the behavior in the present and future. The statements provide a precise and respectful description of a student’s behavior and the specific impact of those behaviors, delivered at a time to maximize impact.
- Restorative Questions – A standard set of questions that ask the wrongdoer to identify what has happened, who has been harmed, what harm was done and what needs to be done to make things right.
- Impromptu Conference – A structured conversation to ask both the wrongdoer and those harmed to answer a series of Restorative Questions in front of one another.
- Restorative Circles – Spaces in which participants take turns speaking to a topic, guided by at least one circle keeper, using a talking piece and going around to ensure that everyone has an equal opportunity to speak. There are many different types of circles that can be used to promote a positive learning environment and deal with issues as they arise.
- Restorative Conferencing – A facilitator leads those who were involved in an incident, whether they were harmed or did the harm, as well as their supporters in a face-to-face process. This process aims to address the harm, make things right and prevent reoccurrence, and is based on the ideas of restorative practices and mutual accountability, resulting in a signed agreement. To refer a student to Restorative Conferencing, contact the Assistant Principal.
OTHER IN-SCHOOL INTERVENTIONS:
- Collection of Unauthorized Materials: School administrators and teachers may collect materials that students are prohibited from possessing during the school day, for example, cell phones, iPods, cigarettes, radios and recording devices, beepers, vapes, laser pointers and other electronic devices.
- Conference between Student and Teacher: A discussion about changes in behavior, or conflict management skill building activities.
- Contract with Student: A written statement developed collaboratively, listing steps to be taken by the student to improve behavior, the date for a review, and the consequences if the contract is not honored.
- Communication to Parent/Guardian: Notification to the parent/guardian of a meeting by phone or letter that a behavior problem exists, the action taken, expectations for future behavior and necessary follow-up.
- Conference with Parent/Guardian, Student, and Teacher: A meeting or telephone conversation with staff, parent/guardian and student to discuss student achievement and unacceptable conduct, better ways of behavior and a plan for future behavior.
- Exclusion from Extracurricular Activities: This action denies the student the opportunity to participate in extracurricular activities for a specified period of time. (Admin only)
- Official Warning to the Student: A written notice to the student specifying the action to be taken if the same or similar misconduct is repeated within a stated period of time. A copy of the notice should be sent to the parent/guardian and one kept for the record.
- Referral to Outside Agencies: Action taken by the building administrator or in consultation with staff, parent/guardian and student when behavior signals a need. (Admin only)
- Special Assignment: Assignment to an activity or program that builds awareness, knowledge and skills to meet similar situations more positively. (Admin only)
- Referral to Problem Solving Team: The Problem Solving Team made up of building staff that interact with the identified student provides relevant information and makes recommendations to meet the student's needs. Actions may include counseling, classroom interventions, evaluation or assessment and/or participation in a school-based support group, etc.
- Time-In System: A program that assigns a student to a different location in the classroom or building, preferably with a safe adult, coordinated by staff members, teachers or school administrators.
- Other School Authorized Activities: Other appropriate actions, such as community service, which comply with school district policies and administrative regulations, may be carried out in conjunction with the school's discipline management plan. Parent/guardian will be given 24-hour notification, and are responsible for transportation.
- Before or After School Detention: Students are required to be in school for up to one hour before or after the regular school day. Supervision is provided by school staff for all detained students. Parent/guardian will be given 24-hour notification, and are responsible for transportation.
- Class Exclusion: A student who misbehaves is denied the right to attend particular classes for one day. An alternative educational setting and make-up privileges are provided for this period.
One (1) to five (5) day suspension: After an investigation, an administrator may impose an action to deny a student's right to attend classes and activities for one (1) to five (5) school days. Homework will be provided and make-up privileges will be the same as for an excused absence. This intervention should be used as a last resort. A student may be barred from attending scheduled classes and be required to attend a special program for up to 5 consecutive school days.
Exclusion from school shall only be considered when a student commits the most serious offenses. There are multiple factors to consider in deciding whether to exclude a student from school and for how long. School administrators must consider whether other factors outside of the student’s control contributed to the problem behavior and whether such behavior could be alleviated by helping the student deal with the factors causing the behavior. Per state law, the district must consider:
- Mental illness or undiagnosed disabilities;
- Appropriateness of the student’s placement or setting;
- Whether the student is or has been a victim of bullying behaviors or classroom environments;
- Family situations such as involvement in foster care, domestic violence, homelessness, poverty, recent death of a loved one, or immigration status;
- Substance abuse or addiction;
- The student’s disciplinary history;
- The student’s age and ability to understand consequences;
The district may also consider the following:
- Whether the student was acting in self-defense;
- The student’s expression of remorse;
- Whether the school district made any effort to address the student’s behavior using positive, preventive methods prior to the incident at issue;
- If the misconduct involved possession of a “weapon,” as defined under school policy, whether the “weapon” in question was brandished or employed as a weapon or in an otherwise threatening fashion;
- The egregiousness of the student’s conduct and whether it placed students or staff at serious risk of emotional or physical harm;
- Whether other interventions, such as positive behavior supports and restorative practices, can adequately address the behavior at issue while enabling the student to remain in school, and whether such interventions have been tried before with this particular student;
- Whether the student is being disciplined for engaging in bullying behavior and, if so, whether restorative practices have been in place and whether the student was exposed to them previously;
- Whether, if the student is being disciplined for bullying behavior, there is a restorative practices approach to disciplining the student that would be more effective than exclusionary discipline at addressing the problem; and
- Any other relevant circumstances, including whether the student should have been identified as a student with a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. If the student has not previously been evaluated for a disability but has engaged in a pattern of behavior that suggests the student should have been, the school shall immediately begin the procedure to conduct an evaluation as set forth in Section 1414 of U.S. Code Title 20 on evaluation of students with disabilities.
- Consequences may also be adjusted based on in-school interventions, as well as dialogue with the reporting staff member.
LEVEL III SERIOUS MISCONDUCT VIOLATIONS:
Level III-Serious Conduct Misconduct includes student behaviors that very seriously disrupt the orderly educational process in the classroom or on school grounds. In many instances, the violations are illegal.
Drugs/Narcotics or Use/Possession of Alcohol (Board Policy 5530)
A student will not possess, use, offer to buy or sell, or purport to buy or sell, a controlled substance, dangerous drug, prescription drug, counterfeit drug, intoxicating substance, or alcohol. A student legally in possession of prescribed medication will not be in violation of this section as long as his/her use and possession of the prescribed medication is authorized at school and the student follows the required possession and use protocols as defined by the school.
Arson (Starting a Fire) (Board Policy 5610)
A student will not intentionally, by means of starting a fire, cause harm to any property or person, or participate in the burning of any property or person. If a student commits arson in a school building or on school grounds or other school property, the school board or its designee may expel the student from the school district permanently, subject to possible reinstatement, pursuant to MCL 380.1311(5) [MCL 380.1311(2)]. “Arson” means a felony violation as set forth in Chapter X of the Michigan Penal Code [MCL 750.71 to MCL 750.80].
Intimidation/Personal Threat (Board Policy 5517)
A student will not make another person do any act against his or her will, by force or threat, expressed or implied.
Fire Alarm Initiating (Board Policy 5772)
Unless an emergency exists, a student will not intentionally sound a fire alarm or cause a fire alarm to be sounded, nor will a student falsely communicate or cause to be communicated that a bomb is located in a building or on school property, or at a school-related event. These acts are prohibited, irrespective of the whereabouts of the student. A student will not destroy, damage, or otherwise tamper with a fire alarm system in a school building.
Bomb or Similar Threat (Board Policy 5772)
If a student enrolled in grade six (6) or above makes a bomb threat or similar threat directed at a school building, other school property, or a school-related event, then the school board or its designee may suspend or expel the student from the school district for a period of time as determined at the discretion of the school board, or its designee [MCL 380.1311a(2)].
Possession/use of fireworks or other explosive device
A student will not possess, handle, transmit, conceal, or use any fireworks or firecrackers or other explosive devices on school property or any school-related event.
Physical Violence (assault) with injury or without injury (Board Policy 5610)
A student will not physically assault another person. If a student enrolled in grade six (6) or above commits a physical assault at school against another person, then the school board or its designee may suspend or expel the student from the school district for up to 180 school days [MCL 380.1310(1)]. “Physical assault” means intentionally causing or attempting to cause physical harm to another through force or violence [MCL 380.1310(3)(b), MCL 380.1311a(12)(b)].
Sexual Assault (Board Policy 5517)
A student will not sexually assault another person. If a student commits criminal sexual conduct in a school building, on school grounds or any other school property, the school board or its designee may expel the student from the school district permanently, subject to possible reinstatement, pursuant to MCL 380.1311(5) [MCL 380.1311(2)]. “Criminal sexual conduct” means a violation as set forth in Chapter LXXVI of the Michigan Penal Code [MCL 750.520b to MCL 750.520g].
Larceny/Theft (Board Policy 5500, 5600)
A student will not, without permission of the owner or custodian of the property, take property or have in his or her possession property valued at more than $100.00 which does not belong to the student.
Threats Against Staff (Board Policy 5517)
If a student commits a verbal threat, as defined by school board policy, at school against a person employed by or engaged as a volunteer or contractor by the school board, then the school board or its designee shall suspend or expel the student from the school district for a period of time as determined by the discretion of the school board or its designee [MCL 380.1311a(2)].
Dangerous Weapons: Firearms (Board Policy 5772)
A student will not possess, handle, transmit, or use as a firearm. Possession of a firearm will result in a mandatory expulsion unless the investigation concludes with an exception as detailed on page 27. The definition of “firearm” in section 380.1311 refers to the definition of that term in the federal Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994, which in turn refers to another section of federal law which defines “firearm” as:
- Any weapon (including a starter gun) which will or is designed to, or may readily be converted to, expel a projectile by the action of an explosive.
- The frame or receiver of any such weapon.
- Any firearm muffler or firearm silencer.
Dangerous Weapons: Other (Board Policy 5772)
A student will not possess, handle, transmit, or use a dangerous instrument capable of harming another person. A “dangerous instrument” means any device intended to cause injury or bodily harm, any device used in a threatening manner that could cause injury or bodily harm, or any device that is primarily used for self-protection. Dangerous instruments include, but are not limited to, chemical mace, pepper gas or like substances, stun guns, BB guns, pellet guns, razors, or box cutters, or a dagger, dirk, stiletto, knife with a blade over three inches in length, pocketknife opened by a mechanical device, iron bar, or brass knuckles. A student will also not use a legitimate tool, instrument, or equipment as a weapon with the intent to harm another. These items include, but are not limited to, pens, pencils, compasses, or combs.
Weapon Look-A-Like (Board Policy 5772)
A student shall not possess, use, sell, or distribute a toy weapon, a look-a-like or replica weapon except with the prior approval of a teacher or an administrator for appropriate educational use.
Legal mandates and community safety may require removal of individuals who possess weapons, commit arson, or engage in criminal sexual conduct (Gun Free Schools Act, 1994; Michigan Compiled Laws under MCL 380.1311), make bomb threats or engage in verbal assault (MCL 380.1311a), and who commit physical assault against another (380.1310, 380.1311, 380.1311a, 380.1312). However, recognizing exclusionary discipline’s negative impact, the school community will reserve exclusion for only the most serious offenses. The district will employ discipline measures and early intervention/diversion strategies with a focus on screening and treatment to minimize suspended students’ time away from school and potential court involvement.
When the student’s misconduct requires legal action, school district staff will work to protect his/her constitutional rights by taking the following steps:
- The school will explain what the student is accused of and will give him/her the opportunity to speak with an adult advocate such as a parent or other family member, guardian, mentor, friend, and/or attorney.
- If the student’s case requires a hearing, the school will provide the student and his/her representative with copies of all documents that might be used in the hearing, a list of all witnesses and an opportunity to prepare for the hearing ahead of time. During the hearing, the student and/or representative will have an opportunity to cross-examine witnesses.
- If the student is found not guilty of the alleged misconduct in a criminal trial, the school district may consider re-evaluating the student’s expulsion.
Due Process for Suspension and Expulsion
Other Student Responsibilities
See Holt Public Schools Bus Code of Conduct.
Secondary attendance procedures
Holt Public Schools recognizes that student attendance is critical to student success. While in school, students receive rigorous instruction, participate in collaborative learning, and gain important information about their school experience. The procedures outlined below are designed to partner with students and the community in order to ensure student attendance whenever possible. When a student must be absent, parents or guardians must call the attendance office to verify the absence. This notice must be made on the day of the absence or by 3:30 p.m. of the following day
Types of absences
Absences are termed excused or unexcused. All absences, however, including illness, vacations, medical appointments and other obligations count toward total absences.
- School-excused absences
The following absences are exceptions and do not count toward the total number of days absent. These absences do not count towards truancy.
- School related activities, e.g. field trips, special school events, etc.
- Suspensions (both in-school and out-of-school)
- Administrator or school counselor meetings
- Excused Absences are absences that have been documented by the parents or guardians within three (no more than five) working days. Excused absences are counted as part of the total number of absences for the student and include:
- Verified illness r hospitalization
- Verified family illness r emergency
- Verified funeral services
- Verified religious instruction
Appointments should be made after school hours. If exceptions are necessary, the parent can contact the principal or attendance secretary.
- Leaving School
When a student needs to leave the building during school hours, he or she must check out at the main office at all schools. The student must stop and check in at the office when he or she returns to school the same day. In each case an adult who is the documented contact in Skyward may sign a student out. The adult signing the student out must be physically present at the school in order to remove a student from the building.
- Documented court appointments
All students are responsible for obtaining make-up assignments that are available from their classroom teachers. Student should contact the teacher and request schoolwork upon returning from absence.
Students arriving to class more than 10 minutes after the bell will be counted as absent unless excused by a staff member for reasons beyond the control of the student. The school district considers being on time a critical skill for future employment and continuity of the class lessons. Three incidents of tardiness will equal one absence. Progressive discipline will also be related to tardiness, as it is to attendance. After three tardies, a student will be issued a detention.
- Extended Illnesses
If a student is out on an extended illness, the parent needs to provide a doctor's note giving the diagnosis and stating that the student is unable to attend school for a specified period of time. The student may become eligible for homebound service under certain circumstances.
All unexcused absences
A phone call/communication is automatically sent to the parents. If the absence is not verified within 24 hours, it will remain an unexcused absence.
A phone call/communication will be made home.
After five days absent from one or more classes, the Attendance Office will mail a letter home, and make a phone call home. The communication will be documented in Skyward.
After seven absences from one or more classes, the parent/guardian and student will meet with an administrator and Problem Solving Team. The Problem Solving Team will consist of a counselor, a teacher, the student and the parent or guardian. The purpose of the meeting is to determine the steps necessary to improve attendance. In this meeting, the following will occur:
- The student's absences and incidences of tardiness are reviewed (excused and unexcused)
- A plan and /or contract will be created and signed by all members at the meeting.
- The plan will include the student’s obligation in collecting make-up work and returning the work in a timely manner.
- The student will be assigned a “check in” mentor from the group who will monitor the student’s attendance for the rest of the semester.
If the student is absent 9 times from one or more classes per semester, the parent or guardian and student will meet with an administrator. Absences beyond that meeting will result in a referral to truancy. Decisions made at this meeting may be appealed to Central Office. The appeal must be presented within 5 school days of receiving the written outcomes of the meeting. The appeal must be in writing and must state the reasons the student and parent disagree with the decision and the resolution they are requesting.
Searches (Board Policy 5771)
At all times Holt Public Schools reserves the right to conduct random searches of student desks, lockers and automobiles on District property or at District- sponsored events. These searches may be conducted without notice and without individualized suspicion. A student's failure to cooperate or permit searches and seizures by the District is subject to disciplinary action at the school or District's discretion.
Student vehicles on school property may be inspected or searched by building administrators or security personnel when there is reasonable suspicion to justify a search. Any student who refuses to permit the search of a vehicle on school property shall forfeit the right to park on school property, without further hearing or appeal. Students may also be disciplined or expelled for denying access when there is reasonable suspicion.
Suspicion of Alcohol Use
The District may authorize the use of a portable Breathalyzer when there is reasonable suspicion or belief that a student is under the influence of alcohol. The District also reserves the right to utilize such a device at any school-sponsored event, either on or off-campus.
Failure to submit to a request to be tested may result in disciplinary action. Police will be notified of students who appear to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs. A Parent/Guardian will be contacted immediately and must pick-up the student from school and/or school-sponsored event.
Canine and Other Searches
The District may use trained canines and other detection equipment to search for contraband, illegal or unauthorized drugs, synthetic drugs, alcohol or weapons. Students should not expect privacy regarding items placed in school property because school property is subject to search at any time by School Officials.
Desk and Storage Area Searches
A desk or other storage area provided by the District for student use, as well as the contents, may be searched by administrators or security personnel when there is reasonable suspicion for a search. Students may be disciplined or expelled for interfering with a search.
Student lockers are school property and remain at all times under the control of the District. Students are expected to assume full responsibility for the security of their lockers and their contents. A Principal (or designee) may search a student's locker and contents at any time with or without notice, without student consent and without a search warrant. In the course of a search, the student's privacy rights shall be respected regarding any item that is not illegal or against school policy. However, the school may search such items if there is reasonable individualized suspicion that the item contains other items, which violate Board policy or applicable law. If a student interferes with a search, the student may be disciplined or expelled.
A law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the school may assist school personnel in conducting a search of a student's locker and contents at the request of a Principal (or designee), provided the search is conducted in accordance with District policy. Pursuant to Public Act 87, any evidence obtained as a result of a search of a student's locker or contents shall not be inadmissible in any court or administrative proceeding, including (but not limited to) any disciplinary hearing pursuant to the Uniform Discipline Code because the search violated PA 87, or District policy adopted pursuant to PA 87
The District reserves the right to use walk-through or hand-held metal detectors with students on a random, unannounced basis. Failure to submit to a sweep may result in disciplinary action.
Personal Search of Student
A student's personal effects (purse, book bag, athletic bag, backpack and so on) may be searched whenever a School Official has reasonable suspicion that a student is in possession of illegal or unauthorized material or evidence in violation of the Uniform Discipline Code. If a search yields illegal or contraband materials the District shall notify police as appropriate.
Video or Other Cameras
The District reserves the right to videotape student activities and behavior on buses and in common areas within school buildings, with or without specific advance.